Piazza del Duomo, Pisa

Standing in a large green expanse, enclosed by the city walls, the former Ospedale della Misericordia and the Palazzo dell’Arcivescovato, the Piazza del Duomo at Pisa comprises one of the most renowned constructed landscapes in the world. The four masterpieces of medieval architecture – the cathedral, the baptistery, the campanile (the ‘Leaning Tower’) and the cemetery – were erected between the 11th and 14th centuries within close proximity of each other, forming a unique cluster of monuments. The square must be considered as a cultural heritage of exceptional universal value, since the works of art that it contains, are masterpieces bearing witness of the creative spirit of the 14th century. Its monuments are a so decisive stage in the history of the medieval architecture that they became a reference point for the study related to the Pisan Romanesque style. The Camposanto and its cycle of frescoes, with particular typology and use, constitutes an outstanding example for the history of Italian medieval painting of the 14th and 15th centuries.